national infrastructure essay assignment help
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Running head: NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE 1
NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE 2
Huntley, D., Bobrowsky, P., Sattler, K., Elwood, D., Holmes, J., Chambers, J., … & Macciotta, R. (2019, May). PRIME INSTALLATION IN CANADA: PROTECTING NATIONAL RAILWAY INFRASTRUCTURE BY MONITORING MOISTURE IN AN ACTIVE LANDSLIDE NEAR ASHCROFT, BRITISH COLUMBIA. In Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems 2019 (pp. 293-296). Society of Exploration Geophysicists and Environment and Engineering Geophysical Society. Retrieved from: https://library.seg.org/doi/abs/10.4133/sageep.32-063
This article explains that rail infrastructure is unstable and for this reason it can lead to economic challenges. As much us this is true, it is also correct to say that it is not a major issue because there are other major transportation channels that can be used. In this era, so many people are using vehicles and air travel and therefore I do not think that we can settle at saying that this is a really big issue that can affect the national’s infrastructure. Moreover, very few people prefer the rail because of the fact that it moves with time intervals.
However, I concur with it because, as much as so many people have vehicles and others use air transport, there are those people that depend on rail transport. For this reason it is important to make sure that rail transport is secure and is built in places that will not endanger people because these very people are the ones that contribute to the country’s economy. The rail infrastructure also is a national thing that should be considered, and although it is not one of the major national infrastructures, it also contributes and for this reason it should be taken into consideration.
Everett, C. (2015). Cyber war and protecting critical national infrastructure. Computer Fraud & Security, 2015(11), 11-14. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1361372315301020
The author explains that cyber war has really been a hot topic lately which is true. Lately there have been so much cyber bullying and attacks and therefore it has become an issue of concern to many. This article shows few cases where people needed to even go to the heights of installing new security systems because of this particular issue. For this reason I concur with the author when he says that this is a critical national issue that needs the interference of higher forces. It is very important to protect this infrastructure.
Although a lot of information is not given, the article shows that this issue has brought a lot of distress to big companies. However, there is no evidence of this being an issue in smaller companies and therefore it is not clear whether the only victims are people with big companies or not. Also, things like this need testimonials. The article has been written from using peer reviewed sources and therefore the author did not have first-hand information which explains the lack of clarity in some points. Nevertheless, most of the things have been elaborated and they match the argument that the author was aiming at bringing forth.
Boughton, N. (2019). Protecting infrastructure from cyber attack. Network Security, 2019(4), 18-19. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1353485819300510
This article talks about how the UK government launched NCSC that was supposed to deal with all the cyber threats that the county was receiving. Again, this article is first hand but does not give enough detail on the need of the launching of the national cyber security center. It does not explain which parties exactly will be using that center and when exactly people will be allowed to use those resources. It explains that cyber security will be provided to both the private sector and also the public sector but it does not explain exactly which people are going to benefit from it.
For anyone that wants to get detailed information about protecting national infrastructure, I would not advocate for this article because it is insufficient. Any author should begin with saying exactly what his intentions are when writing an article and which side he is taking. This article needs a lot of information to support its main argument which is actually not even presented to us. It is very important for an article to have direction and clear elaboration of exactly what it is addressing because although we know that it is about the launching, it does not give clear details about the main issue
Adams, T., Connor, M., & Whittaker, R. (2019). Protecting our digital medicine infrastructure. NPJ digital medicine, 2. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6775075/
This article is about how hospitals protect their digital medicine infrastructure. The threat that is in this article is explained to be cyber security too. We have seen that the previous articles also have been talking about the same and therefore we have enough data to help in doing our comparisons. This article is by far one of the best as far as analysis of the articles is concerned. The author explains how there have been issues of people messaging hospitals and wanting to attack them.
It explains how these has been a big issue to them because nowadays hospitals use a lot of digital infrastructure and there for it becomes very easy for them to receive attacks. It is important for the article to also indicate how this can affect hospitals and exactly how medicine is digitalized. It being a national issue is also an issue that needs to be reviewed because if it is something that affects hospitals from the inside then we need to have a clear explanation of how it affects the whole nation. However, as far as evaluation is concerned this article has been given enough detail and therefore can be rated among one of the best.
Pashley, V., & Cools, M. (2017). Pieces of a larger puzzle: The almost impossible task of protecting critical infrastructures. National security and the future, 18(1-2), 37-64. Retrieved from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/file/279401
This article speaks about protection of all infrastructure. These infrastructure include energy, water and transport. It talks about how upholding national security is important although it does not give deeper explanations of how the threat comes to be. It explains though how protecting these infrastructure is important and I concur with it. The article is an informative article and not necessarily one that critiques and therefore the author does not take any sides when he writes this article which according to me is perfectly fine since the main message is home. The author also proceeds to explain how technological protection is important.
According to him, this is a way of bringing pride to the nation and this is how it becomes a national affair. The author explains that securing the nation’s infrastructure is one of the main reasons as to why there is progress in technology. This is not explained in details though because we need to know exactly how technology takes part in the country’s economy. It is important that the author could have explained how having good knowledge of infrastructure would have contributed in protection of the critical infrastructures that are being talked about by the author here.
Asadabadi, A., & Miller-Hooks, E. (2017). Assessing strategies for protecting transportation infrastructure from an uncertain climate future. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 105, 27-41. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0965856416309673
The author here aims at coming up with strategies that help in protection of national infrastructure. This article gives clear and well argued out details of these strategies and therefore I would say that all the requirements have been met. The author explains the strategies well and each one of them is given clear definitions and the similarities are seen. The strategies perfectly match the topic and the main point are seen through the examples that are given and therefore I would say that all the information that would have been given in this article have been well exhausted.
The author shows the importance of looking at the climate changes and coming up with effective transportation that will be helpful for the nation. Although he needs to explain the issues that people face during different seasons and how climate change affects transportation, he has been able to bring out the main points here which is actually commendable. This is because, climate changes are things that cannot be prevented and therefore needs planning because without planning the nation at large is affected. Therefore, this article has brought out that argument well and the author can be commended because it is a very reliable article.